History Egypt

Egypt has endured as a unified state for more than 5,000 years, and archeological evidence indicates that a developed Egyptian society has existed for much longer. Egyptians take pride in their "pharaonic heritage" and in their descent from what they consider mankind's earliest civilization. The Arabic word for Egypt is Misr, which originally connoted "civilization" or "metropolis."
Archeological findings show that primitive tribes lived along the Nile long before the dynastic history of the pharaohs began. By 6000 B.C., organized agriculture had appeared.
In about 3100 B.C., Egypt was united under a ruler known as Mena, or Menes, who inaugurated the 30 pharaonic dynasties into which Egypt's ancient history is divided--the Old and the Middle Kingdoms and the New Empire. The pyramids at Giza (near Cairo), which were built in the fourth dynasty, testify to the power of the pharaonic religion and state. The Great Pyramid, the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu (also known as Cheops), is the only surviving monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Ancient Egypt reached the peak of its power, wealth, and territorial extent in the period called the New Empire (1567-1085 B.C.).
Old kingdom (2640-1650 B.C.):
Age of the pyramids.
The first one was the degree pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara. Cheops had a 146 m high pyramid built in today's municipal district of Cairo Giza. Further pyramids and the sphinx arose.
Middle Kingdom (2040-1650 B.C.):
Upper- and Lower egypt are led together again by Mentuhotep.
New Empire (1551-1070 B.C.):
Great cultural and artistic epoch which ends in the 10th century.
Alexander the Great conquered the country after the Persian time.
30 v. Chr - 395 B.C.
Egypt goes to the romans.
Completion of the Suezkanal as an important waterway.
The republic is exclaimed and Gamal Abd El Nasser gets president.
Successor after its death in 1970 became Anwar as-Sadat.

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