Numbers and facts about Morocco


Official name:
Kingdom of Morocco; Al-Mamlaka al-maghribiya; Royaume du Maroc
Area: 446,550 sq. km. (172,413 sq. mi.); slightly larger than California. (The disputed territory of Western Sahara comprises another 267,028 sq. km or 102,703 sq. mi.).
Major cities: Rabat (Capital), Casablanca, Marrakech, Fez, Tangier.
Terrain: Coastal plains, mountains, and desert.
Climate: Mediterranean, more extreme in the interior.
Nationality: Noun and adjective: Moroccan(s).
Population (est.): 28.5 million.
Annual growth rate (est.): 1.7%.
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%.
Religions: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.025%.
Languages: Arabic (official), several Berber dialects; French is often the language of business, government and diplomacy.
Education: Years compulsory: 9. Literacy: 52%.
Health: Infant mortality rate: 53/1,000.
Life expectancy: 66 yrs. male, 69 yrs. female.
Work force: (9.4 million) Agriculture: 47%; services: 34%; industry: 13%; other: 6%.
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: March 1972, revised September 1992 and September 1996 (creating a bicameral legislature).
Independence: March 2, 1956.
Branches: Executive: king (head of state), prime minister (head of government).
Legislative: Bicameral parliament.
Judicial: Supreme Court.
Political parties: Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP), Istiqlal (independence) Party (PI), Popular Movement (MP), National Popular Movement (MNP), National Rally of Independents (RNI), Constitutional Union Party (UC), National Democratic Party (PND), Party of Progress and Socialism (PPS), Organization for Democratic and Popular Action (OADP), Party of Justice and Development (PJD), Democratic and Social Movement (MDS), Democratic Forces Front (FFD), Democratic Union (UD), Citizen Forces (FC), Liberal Party (PL), National Socialist Congress Party (CNI), Party of Reform and Development (PRD) Social Democratic Party (PSD), National Union of Popular Forces (UNFP), Action Party (PA), Avant-Garde Democratic Socialist Party (PADS).
Suffrage: Universal starting at 21 years of age.
GDP (2000): $33 billion.
Per capita GDP: $1,181.
Natural resources: Phosphates, fish, manganese, lead, silver, copper.
Agriculture (14% of GDP): Products: wheat, barley, citrus fruits, vegetables, olives, livestock, fishing.
Industry (32% of GDP): Types: phosphate mining, manufacturing and handicrafts, construction and public works, energy.
Trade (2000): Exports: $7.4 billion: food and beverages 21.3%, semiprocessed goods 21.6%, consumer goods 37.7%.
Major markets: EU 74.5%, India 4.2%, Japan 3.8%, U.S. 3.4%.
Imports: $12.5 billion: capital goods 20.7%, semiprocessed goods 19.8%, raw materials 24.3%, food and beverages 11.6%, consumer goods 23.5%.
Major suppliers: EU 57.4%, U.S. 5.6%, Saudi Arabia 5%.

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