Numbers and facts about Egypt


Official name:
Arab Republic of Egypt; Gumhuriyat Misr Al Arabiya
Area: 1,001,450 sq. km (386,000 sq. mi.); approximately equal to Texas and New Mexico combined.
Cities: Capital: Cairo (pop. estimated at 16 million).
Other cities: Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia.
Terrain: Desert, except Nile valley and delta.
Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Egyptian(s).
Population (2000): 68 million.
Annual growth rate (1999): 1.8%.
Ethnic groups: Egyptian, Bedouin Arab, Nubian.
Religions: Sunni Muslim 90%, Coptic Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, French.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-15.
Literacy: total adult: 55.2%, male: 66.6%, female: 43.6%(1999-2000 est.).
Health: Infant mortality rate(1999)--41/1,000. Life expectancy (1999)--65.3 yrs. male, 68.5 yrs. female.
Type: Republic.
Independence: 1922.
Constitution: 1971.
Branches: Executive--president, prime minister, cabinet.
Legislative: People's Assembly (444 elected and 10 presidentially appointed members) and Shura (consultative) Council (176 elected members, 88 presidentially appointed).
Judicial: Supreme Constitutional Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 26 governorates.
Principal political parties: National Democratic Party (ruling).
Principal opposition parties: Wafd Party, Liberal Party, National Progressive Unionist Grouping (Tagammau), and Nasserite Party.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
GDP (FY 1999-2000): $92.39 billion.
Annual growth rate (1999-2000): 4%.
Per capita GDP (1999-2000): $1,420.
Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc.
Agriculture: Products: cotton, rice, onions, beans, citrus fruits, wheat, corn, barley, sugar.
Industry: Types--food processing, textiles, chemicals, petrochemicals, construction, light manufacturing, iron and steel products, aluminum, cement, military equipment.
Trade (FY 1999-2000): Exports--$6.4 billion: petroleum, clothing and textiles, cotton, manufactured goods.
Major markets: E.U., U.S., Middle East, Japan.
Imports: $17.86 billion: machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, livestock, food and beverages, paper and wood products, chemicals.
Major suppliers: U.S., E.U., Japan.
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